The progress of Implementation of Developmental projects in Rajasthan during 2012-13
After gaining enriching experience of implementing cotton developmental projects in Banswara, Bhilwara and Rajsamand districts of southern Rajasthan from 2008-09 to 2011-12, the CITI CDRA is implementing two projects in Ajmer, Jodhpur, Nagaur and Pali districts for the first time , in collaboration with Directorate of Cotton Development (DOCD), Mumbai , State Govt. of Rajasthan, Bayer Crop Science(BCS), Mumbai and Rajasthan Textile Mills Association (RTMA).
Instructions from State Government
The State Government of Rajasthan has issued directions to Dy. Director of Agriculture of the districts concerned directing them to coordinate with the CITI-CDRA in respects of its extension activities and effective monitoring of these activities vide their letter dated on 27.6.2012. Similarly Director (Extension) of Bikaner Agriculture University has issued directions to ARS /KVKS in these districts to get involved in the project and extend co-operation and assistance to CITI CDRA in implementing the project, particularly for training of scouts and participating farmers and visit the project areas vide letter dated on 8.6.2012.
Contribution from participating organizations:
The contribution of the participating organizations towards the expenditure of the projects is as under:
|Organisation||Amount in Rs. Lakhs|
All the organizations have since paid their contributions to meet the expenses in implementing the developmental projects.
Changing cotton scenario of Rajasthan:
Prior to 2008-09, when the CITI-CDRA launched Cotton Development projects in Rajasthan. Cotton production was 9 lakh bales with yield of 415 kgs/ha. During the past five years, cotton scene in Rajasthan has undergone a welcome change vis-avis the yield in Punjab & Haryana States as would be evident from the following:-
Yield – kgs of lint per hectare
Source: Cotton Advisory Board GOI.
The notable feature of this change is the increase in production and yield of cotton in the districts other than Sriganganagar and Hanumangarh. In fact cotton production in Sriganganagar and Hanumangarh districts used to be about 85 % of state production. However during 2011-12, cotton production in other districts of Rajasthan is reported to be 7.50 lakh bales out of the estimated state production of 17.10 lakh bales, accounting for nearly 44% of the total production. During the current season the production of cotton in lower Rajasthan is estimated at 8.5 lakh bales which is equal to upper Rajasthan production estimated at 8.5 lakh, thus the share of lower Rajasthan has improved further to 50% of the total production of cotton in Rajasthan.
The yield gap between Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan has considerably narrowed down and going by the trade estimate cotton production of Rajasthan at 17 lakh bales is set to overtake the production of Punjab at 15.75 lakh bales, for the first time.
Area under cotton in Project districts:
The area under cotton in the four districts reported by State Agriculture Department is as under:
(Source: State Govt. of Rajasthan)
Infrastructure for Implementing Projects:
The CITI- CDRA has developed following infrastructure in these districts for implementing the projects:-
FIELD Program during 2012-13:
The DOCD Mumbai has allocated 250 FLDS on Production Technologies. 125 FLDS each are taken up in Ajmer and Jodhpur districts. The allocated amount of Rs. 500000/- for the purpose has been released by DOCD. District wise/ Cluster wise allocation of FLDS is as under:
|District||Cluster||No. of Villages||No. OF FLDS|
Collaborative Projects for enhancing yield and production of cotton:
After implementing collaborative project in Banswara, Bhilwara and Rajsamand from 2008-09 to 2011-12, CITI CDRA has shifted the project to Ajmer, Jodhpur, Nagaur and Pali districts during the 2012-13 covering 42400 farmers with nearly 60000 hectares of area under cotton. During the past four months the CITI CDRA held 327 events like Field visits, Training to Farmers, Farmers Field Schools, Field days and Mass awareness programmes covering 23110 farmers. During the recent visit of Chairman Standing Committee on Cotton to project areas he had interacted with representatives of Mills, Ginning and pressing factories, cotton merchants and project farmers on 6thOctober 2012. This interaction revealed that the overall crop condition despite delayed monsoon was good and the trade circles were expecting the cotton crop higher than the last year’s crop. In fact due to increase in production of cotton in lower Rajasthan about 26 new Ginning and Pressing units have been set up during the current season and the Mill and Trade representatives were expecting cotton production to be equal to or better than the cotton production in Northern Rajasthan ( Sri Ganganagar and Hanumangarh districts).
HIGH DENSITY COTTON PLANTING TRIALS IN FOUR DISTRICTS:
HDPS trials of one acre each are undertaken in the districts of Ajmer, Jodhpur, Nagaur and Pali at the following locations :
|District||Name of the Farmer||Location||Panchayat Samiti||Date of sowing|
|Ajmer||Shri Mahdeo /Bajrang Kummawat||Devalia Khurd||Kekri||16.7.2012|
|Nagaur||Shri Bhanwar lal/Sukhram Mali||Rol Chandavat||Medta City||16.7.2012|
|Pali||Shri Rupa Ram/ Tolaji Meena||Hirola||Bali||14.7.2012|
|Jodhpur||Shri Gordhanram/ Urja Ramji||Nevra Road||Osiyan||12.7.2012|
Minerva BT seed was made available by BCS Mumbai to the above farmers for setting up trial plots with the following treatments:
T1-90X60 cm (7407 plants/acre)
T2-60×45 cm (14814 plants/acre)
T3-80×30 cm (16666 plants /acre)
T4 -80×15 cm (33333 plants/acre).
During the recent visits to project areas from 6th to 10th October 2012, it was noticed that out of the four trial plots the three trial plots showed that the growth of cotton plants was very good and Hybrid cotton which have a tendency to express themselves with vegetative growth upward and sideways the vegetative growth of Minerva BT cotton was excessive despite application of growth regulators particularly in that portion of the plot where the plant population was more. This created problem in intercultural operations. The lower branches did not have enough squares/balls but middle and upper branches bore square balls. Due do vegetative growth incidence of Jassids and white fly was high. The climatic conditions also favoured growth of such pests. The vegetative growth in respect of trial plots at Rolchandawat in Nagaur district was comparatively less. In the district rains were received from mid of August. Lack of early rains had resulted in shunted growth of cotton plants. After the rains the ground nutrients were diverted for reproductive purpose instead of vegetative growth. This resulted in the formation of a large number of square balls.