INTRODUCTION OF CITI-CDRA:
The Confederation of Indian Textile Industry (CITI) is involved in cotton development activities in various cotton growing states through its extension arm, the Cotton Development &Research Association ( CDRA) for the past many years . After the Govt. of India launched the Technology Mission on Cotton (TMC), the CITI CDRA’S cotton development efforts were directed towards transfer of new production and plant protection technologies by creating mass awareness about them among cotton growers and encouraging their adoption, improving availability of certified quality seeds and other inputs, and establishing a linkage between cotton growers and textile industry.
INVOLVING STATE AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS IN COTTON PROJECTS:
To begin with, a farmers meeting was organised in Gondal in Gujarat State in 2002 where over 25000 farmers participated. Subsequently, the CITI CDRA consciously involved scientists from State Agriculture Universities and Research Institutions along with the State Agriculture Departments in all its development events. These efforts were essentially directed to compliment the efforts of State Agriculture departments in improving production and productivity of cotton in various cotton growing states.
ASSOCIATION OF TEXTILE MILLS IN DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS:
Leading textile mills in various states were associated with CITI CDRA’S efforts between 2002 to 2008 in improving production and yield through the regional textile mills Associations. As a part of these efforts, the CITI CDRA organised a series of interactive meetings of the stakeholders like Textile Mills, input suppliers, research institutions , cotton traders and cotton farmers to address the issues confronting the country in improving yield and production of cotton.
ASSOCIATION OF CDRA WITH IMPLIMENTATION OF MINI MISSION OF TMC:
After the Govt. of India launched the Technology Mission on Cotton (TMC) in 2000 and took up its implementation through four Mini Missions, the CITI CDRA successfully pleaded with the Govt. of India regarding the need for associating various stakeholders in cotton with the implementation of Mini Missions , particularly Mini Mission II for transfer of technology , Mini Mission III pertaining to modernisation of Ginning & Pressing factories and Mini Mission IV for upgrading market yards. These efforts yielded the desired results, and Govt. of India agreed to associate NGOS like CITI CDRA and Cooperatives in implementing various Mini Missions under the TMC in 2005-06. Thus, the CDRA got involved in the implementation of Front Line Demonstration ( FLD) Programme on Cotton Production and Pest Management sponsored by Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India from 2005-06, onwards. For the first three years from 2005-06 the FLD programme was implemented in Vidharba region of Maharashtra involving 2739 farmers and 26 villages from Nagpur and Buldhana districts . The farmers benefitted from input subsidy amounting to Rs. 55 lakhs ( approx.).
COTTON COLLABORATIVE PROJECT
WARDHA DISTRICT OF MAHARASHTRA
|The year 2015-16 was the first year of CITI CDRA’s cotton extension activities in Wardha district of Maharasthra. These activities were undertaken under the aegis of cotton collaborative project implemented jointly by the CITI CDRA, State Agriculture Department, Maharashtra State, Bayer Crop Science and the Maharashtra Moffusil Mill Owners Association Nagpur. The State Govt.’s approval to the project proposal was received late at the end of June 2015 by which time sowing of cotton in the district was almost over. Therefore by the time the required infrastructure to implement the project was put in place by early August 2015, the production technologies contemplated to be demonstrated as per the project proposal could not be done and the emphasis was laid on demonstration of pests and disease management practices.
|Read more: REPORT FOR CDRA’S ACTIVITIES IN WARDHA DISTRICT 2015-16|
COTTON PROJECTS IN AJMER, JODHPUR, NAGAUR AND PALI
DISTRICTS OF RAJASTHAN
The year 2015-16 was the eighth year of CITI CDRA’s cotton development activities in Lower Rajasthan. Cotton production in Rajasthan suffered a setback mainly on account of unfavourable climatic conditions coupled with the large scale prevalence of pest attack, like all other cotton growing states in the country. The cotton production in Rajasthan was placed at 16.0 lakhs bales in 2015-16 as against 17.0 lakh bales n 2014-15 and yield at 609 kgs of lint per hectare as against 593 kgs of lint in the previous year. Nonetheless, the fact remained that production in Lower Rajasthan at over 10.0 lakh bales was the major contributing factor to the state’s production at 16.0 lakh bales.
|Read more:REPORT FOR CDRA’SACTIVITIES FOR RAJASTHAN 2015-16|
THE CONFEDERATION OF INDIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY-
COTTON DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATION’S
COTTON DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
SOUTHERN & CENTRAL RAJASTHAN (2008-09 TO 2014-15)
|The CITI CDRA has been consistently propagating the cause of increasing cotton yield in the country in general and in rain fed areas in particular. Among the northern cotton growing states cotton yield in Rajasthan was found comparatively lower than that in Punjab & Haryana . Lower yield in Rajasthan was attributed to lower yield in rain fed cotton growing areas of Southern & Central Rajasthan .Therefore, the CITI CDRA took up the matter with State Govt. of Rajasthan from time to time, bringing to their notice the above fact and need to improve cotton yield particularly in rain fed areas of Southern & Central Rajasthan. The then Chief Minister Mrs. Vasundharaji Raje vide her letter dtd 21.6.2006 , followed by another letter dated 3.5. 2008 appreciated the concern of the CDRA and desired it to propose an action plan to improve the situation.
|Read more: COTTON DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES OF CITI CDRRA_SOUTHERN & CENTRAL RAJASTHAN|
With the objective of undertaking scientific research and other activities to boost knowledge of cotton cultivation , the Cotton Development and Research association (CDRA) was constituted in Mumbai in 1969 by the then Indian Cotton Mills’ Federation (ICMF) . The association has adopted two long-term strategies. First is the implementation of pilot projects on modern methods of cultivation for cotton growers; secondly, awareness to enhance productivity and quality of cotton to meet international standards. After transformation of ICMF into CITI, the ICMF-CDRA has become CITI-CDRA since 2005. CITI-CDRA has been focusing its attention in areas facing farmers’ distresses and low productivity in cotton.
Since the inception of CDRA, many activities were taken in various cotton growing regions of India.
- After launching of Technology Mission on Cotton by the Govt of India in 2000 the CITI CDRA’S developmental efforts were directed towards creating mass awareness among cotton growers on adaption of new technologies for production and pest management , improved availability of certified quality seeds and other inputs and to establish a linkage between the farmers and industry.
- A farmers’ meeting was organised in Gondal in Gujarat State in 2002 when over 25000 farmers attended the same.
- The CDRA consciously involved scientists from State Agriculture Universities and Research institutions along with the State Agriculture Department in all its developmental events .
- The efforts were directed to compliment the efforts of State Agriculture Department in improving production and productivity of cotton.
- Mills like M/s. Maral Overseas Khargone, MP M/s. JCT Mills Ltd, Sriganganagar, M/s. DCM Ltd. Hindone, M/s. Suryalaxmi Mills AP, Soma Textiles Inds. Ltd Ahemedabad, M/s. GTN Textiles Nagpur , M/S. R.S.Mohota Spinning Mills, Hinganghat were associated with the CITI CDRA’S efforts through regional associations
- CDRA organised meetings with seed producers in the country to enhance seed quality and availability.
- It also organised interactive meetings of the stake holders to address the issues confronting the country in improving yield and production of cotton.
- With the Govt. of India’s decision to associate NGOS like CITI CDRA and Cooperatives in implementing various Mini Missions , under TMC the CITI CDRA was associated with the implementation of Front Line Demonstration Programme on cotton production and integrated pest management by the Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India from 2005-069 onwards.
- From 2005-06 to 2013-14 the CITI CDRA implemented FLD programme in Maharashtra (Vidharbha Region) and Rajasthan (Southern & Central Rajasthan).
- FLD programme benefitted 5383 cotton farmers with financial assistance estimated at Rs. 1.07 crores from Govt. of India.
- With the blessings of Smt. Vijaya Raje, CM of Rajasthan cotton Collaborative project was implemented for the past six years in Southern & Central Rajasthan involving 78617 farmers with an area of 77789 hectares under cotton cultivation.
- The collaborative project was implemented in collaboration with State Agriculture Department of Govt. of Rajasthan, Bayer Crop Science and RTMA, an amount of about Rs.1.20 Crores was spent in implementing the project.
- Subsequent to implementation of development projects in Rajasthan in 2008-09 onwards cotton production in Southern and Central Rajasthan witnessed a turnaround.
- From Production of 1.91 lakh bales in 2007-08 the production in this area reached 8.5 lakh bales in 2012-13.
- The benefit of increased production to cotton farmers in monetary terms works out to nearly Rs. 1300 crores. Cotton yield in Rajasthan which was 415 kgs of lint per hectare in 2007-08 when the CITI CDRA started the developmental work is now projected at 785 kgs of lint per hectare during 2013-14, the highest in the country.
- The CITI CDRA is targeting a yield of 1000 kgs of lint per hectare in Rajasthan in next few years.
- With that end in view, the CITI CDRA conducted High Density Planting Preliminary Trials during the past two years in Ajmer, Pali, Nagaur and Jodhpur districts.
- The yield obtained in the trials was higher than the conventional yield by 26 to 51 % and the results were presented to the Govt., of Rajasthan .
- The Govt. of Rajasthan has agreed to take up adaptive trials on the state govt. farms based on the outcome of the HDPS trials taken up by the CITI CDRA and thereafter to advice farmers suitably.
- At the behest of the CITI CDRA Indian Society for Cotton Improvement organised a brain storming session at CICR Nagpur on 15.3.2014 where about 75/80 cotton scientists of all India repute at CIAR Nagpur for discussing the constraints to reach productivity of 1000 kgs of lint per hectare in India in comparison to the yield of other countries for 1000 kgs to 2000 kgs. The proceedings have been already circulated to you.
- The CITI CDRA held discussion with Idh-a Dutch organisation for taking up BCI programme in Rajasthan in area of about 22000 hectares to produce about 60000 bales as per BCI norms. This is intended to improve the quality of cotton being grown there so that the mills make value added products.
- Now that the Govt. of India have decided not to provide funds for FLD programme CITI CDRA will be implementing FLD programme as informed to you. FLD programme is very essential for providing technical knowhow to the farmers and hence CITI CDRA has decided to continue the same.
- We must strive to achieve cotton yield of 1000 kgs of lint per hectare in India and reach production of 5 crore bales of cotton.
- All regional cotton textile mills associations to have cotton development wings, since cotton price and stability are very important for the profitability of the textile industry.
- As CITI CDRA is working with RTMA in Rajasthan it can work with other associations in other states on the same lines.
- The Govt. of India should be asked to put responsibility on seed producers also for cotton productivity.
- The Textile Mills should contribute to their associations for the cause of cotton development as it is now compulsory to spend 2% on CSR activity as per Companies Act, since cotton is their main raw material.
- Improve quality of Extra Long Staple Cotton in Banswara and other areas to match quality of Pima or Egyptian cotton.
- of India should adopt Mission Mode approach for promoting High Density Planting Technology to achieve the targeted yield.